Air pollution seriously impacts people's health and the environment. While EU and national policy efforts over the past decades have focused on reducing air pollution, much still needs to be done, particularly regarding air quality in urban areas (where limit values are frequently exceeded), transboundary air pollution, and the implementation of air legislation. Action taken to improve air quality will also yield important short-term benefits for climate change. There is evidence that a reduction of certain air pollutants, which contribute to short-term atmospheric warming, could help to keep the global temperature increase within 2ºC.
|The JRC mobile laboratory measuring air pollution from ships|
The Air and Climate Foresight and Analysis (ACFA) Action provides the Commission and EU negotiators with assessments of trends in European and global air pollution (AP) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, concentrations and impacts. It helps to assess the impacts of AP and GHG reduction measures on climate, health and ecosystems.
|Concentration of a passive tracer at 1000m from ground emitted from the Eyjafjallajoekull volcano 5 days after eruption.|
The Action uses global, regional and urban models, and ground- and space-based monitoring systems to produce its assessments of AP and GHG trends and impacts. It monitors air quality and GHG fluxes in various strategic locations and contributes to an EU and worldwide database of GHG gas concentrations and fluxes. The Action integrates measurements and modelling activities, operating a suite of global and regional chemical transport models, inclusive inverse models, and receptor models, and is developing and maintaining an emission database and assessment tools.
In 2013, the Action will focus on carrying out integrated air quality and climate analyses at the urban scale. It will support the review of the Thematic Strategy of Air Pollution, including the National Emission Ceiling Directive, the “Clean Air For Europe” Directive and the fourth Air Quality Daughter Directive, by helping to assess and evaluate current and future policy options. It will support the implementation of the current Air Quality Directives by harmonising assessment methodologies in collaboration with Member State networks. The Action will also work on standardisation initiatives with international standardisation and metrology bodies s and further enhance its international research collaboration on global monitoring, observation and evaluation programmes
- DG ENV – Environment
- DG CLIMA - Climate Action
- DG DEVCO - Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid
- DG ENER – Energy
- DG ENTR - Enterprise and Industry
- DG RTD - Research and Innovation
- EEA - European Environment Agency
- EMEP - European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme
- EURAMET - European Organisation of Metrology (EURAMET)
- UNECE - United Nations Economic Commission for Europea
- UNEP - United Nations Envir
- US EPA - US Environmental Protection Agency
- WMO - World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
- 2001/81/EC - Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants
- 2004/107/EC - “4th Daughter Directive”: relating to arsenic, nickel, cadmium, mercury and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air
- 2008/50/EC – Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe
- (SEC(2011)342) COMMISSION STAFF WORKING PAPER on the implementation of EU Air Quality Policy and preparing for its comprehensive review
- Commission Decision of 10 February 2005 laying down rules implementing Decision No 280/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning a mechanism for monitoring Community greenhouse gas emissions and for implementing the Kyoto Protocol
- The National emission ceilings directive of 2001 for certain atmospheric pollutants
- The UNEP 2011 Science-Policy Briefing Towards an Action Plan for Near-term Climate Protection and Clean Air Benefits
- Communication from the Commission of 2011 - Towards a space strategy for the European Union that benefits its citizens.
- Commission Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 of 25 May 2011 implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and amending Annexes I and III to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
- Communication from the Commission of 2010 on the analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon leakage
- Communication from the Commission of 2009 on the Adapting to climate change: Towards a European Framework for Action
Annette Borowiak Tel.: +39-0332-789956 E-mail: annette.borowiak(at)jrc.ec.europa.eu