The latest MARS Crop monitoring in Europe Bulletin, which was published today, reports that winter sowing activities and crop establishment have progressed well under favourable weather conditions.
Significant parts of western and central Europe faced overly wet conditions, mainly during the month of October. These conditions caused difficulties in some locations, but overall did not seriously hamper the sowing of winter crops. The warm temperatures and the normal precipitation levels were beneficial to crop emergence and early establishment during the second half of October and the first two dekads of November across most of Europe.
Winter wheat experienced some sowing delays in France, but these were compensated by rapid early development and conditions were particularly favourable for sowing in eastern Europe and the southern Mediterranean region. In Italy, the sowing of durum wheat, which usually occurs later than soft wheat, progressed well until the first dekad of November but was then hampered by frequent rainfall events. The winter barley sowing period has almost finished in central and northern Europe, generally under favourable weather conditions. Weather conditions generally allowed for the timely sowing of rye, except in the eastern part of Poland and some smaller areas of Germany where abundant rainfall hampered sowing activities in late September and early October. The big European producers of rapeseed (i.e. France, Germany, Poland and the UK) benefited from good sowing conditions during and after the typical sowing window (mid- to end of August). The subsequent weather conditions suggest that rapeseed crops are now well established, and are ready to withstand the winter.