The bulletin reports that, for the period 15 January – 18 February 2013, air temperatures were mainly above average in eastern Europe and around the Black Sea, and below average around the North Sea. Above-average precipitation was experienced in much of Europe, with snow covering most of central, northern and eastern Europe, helping to protect against frost impact.
The extreme wet conditions may have a negative effect on winter crops in England and France. By mid-February, winter cereal crops had almost of fully hardened in much of northern and eastern Europe, while the warm spells led to a dehardening of winter crops in some western and southern areas. No frost kill damage was recorded to date (aside from some small spots in southern Russia) and none is forecast for the period to early March.