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Highlight October 2012


BIOPAMA and DOPA recognised in CBD COP11 decision

The 11th Conference of the Parties (COP 11) of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)* adopted 33 decisions on a range of strategic, substantive, administrative, financial and budgetary issues. For the first time, a COP decision of the CBD refers to JRC activities. The decision, regarding Protected Areas (UNEP/CBD/COP/11/L.9), explicitly mentions the analytical tools of the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA) and the BIOPAMA (Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management in the ACP countries) project it supports. 

 

The CBD COP 11 was held in Hyderabad, India, from 8 to 19 October 2012. Approximately 6 000 delegates participated, with a global representation of governments, UN agencies, academia, the private sector, and intergovernmental, non-governmental, indigenous and local community organisations. Following the ambitious targets adopted at COP 10 in Nagoya, Japan, COP 11 marked the move from policy-making to implementation.

The meeting focused very much on financial issues, including the Nagoya targets for implementation of the budget and the Strategy for Resource Mobilization. Of the 33 decisions adopted, the most discussed were those dealing with ecosystem restoration and marine and coastal biodiversity, but the main developments focused on implementation of the National Biodiversity Action Plans (NBSAPs) and on financial issues, including targets for implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization, and the budget. The agreements set an interim target of doubling biodiversity-related international financial resource flows to developing countries by 2015, and at least maintaining this level until 2020. 

 

IES scientists Philippe Mayaux and Grégoire Dubois attended the COP on the request of DG ENV to provide scientific and technical support, in particular on issues related to Protected Areas (PAs), REDD+ and ecological restoration. 

 

They also presented two side events on:

- BIOPAMA (Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management in the ACP (African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States) regions), which aims to help strengthen the capacity of existing institutions and networks to take and implement well informed decisions on biodiversity conservation and protected areas  management. BIOPAMA has two main components: one on protected areas, implemented by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the JRC, and another on Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS), implemented by the donor-funded ABS Capacity Development Initiative, administered by the German Development Cooperation (GIZ). The JRC will provide the technical and scientific assistance to set up regional observatories for the three regions, observatories that will be largely derived from the Digital Observatory of Protected Areas (DOPA). 

- OFAC (Observatoire des Forêts d'Afrique Centrale), which is an initiative of member of the Congo Basin Forests Partnership that aims to pool knowledge and data to monitor the ecological, environmental and social aspects of Central Africa’s forests. Chapters from the recent report “State of the Congo Basin Forests 2010” on deforestation, non-timber forest products and bushmeat which affect the biodiversity of Central African forests were presented in this side event, which was organised by the JRC and the Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). The event was broadcast on the web and is available at http://cbdcop11india.co.cc/?p=289.

Maps derived from the JRC’s Global Accessibility Map were also presented in another side event organised by MEP Kriton Arsesnis, entitled ‘Roadlessness: the most cost efficient and effective way to protect biodiversity”.

 

* The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international legally binding treaty. It has three main goals:

  1. conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity);
  2. sustainable use of its components; and
  3. fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources

In other words, its objective is to develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. It is often seen as the key document regarding sustainable development.

The Convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993. 193 countries are currently parties to the CBD.

 

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