The IES has published a JRC Reference Report containing a guide and a European harmonised protocol for identifying atmospheric pollution sources using receptor models. The objective of the report, compiled in collaboration with the European networks of experts in the field of air quality modelling (FAIRMODE) and measurements (AQUILA), is to disseminate and promote the best available methodologies for source apportionment using receptor models and to harmonise their application across Europe. It includes tutorials, technical recommendations and checklists.
The JRC has published a Reference Report led by the IES, which presents the current state of knowledge on the management of contaminated sites in Europe. In order to track the progress of the management of contaminated sites, the new report summarises the information obtained from 27 EIONET National Reference Centres for Soil during the 2011-2012 data collection campaign organised by the European Soil Data Centre, managed by the JRC.
The first ever comprehensive overview of the soils of Latin America and the Caribbean, coordinated by the JRC in collaboration with soil scientists from Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, was launched at the the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in Chicago on 14 February 2014. The Atlas was funded by the European Commission's DG Development and Cooperation - EUROCLIMA Programme.
The JRC and the University of Kassel carried out a study which reveals that droughts in Europe are expected to be more frequent and intense by the end of this century. The results were published on 9 January 2014 in Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, an open access journal of the European Geosciences Union (EGU).
IES scientists G. Janssens-Maenhout and M. Muntean are co-authors of the ‘Trends in Global CO2 Emissions – 2013 Report’, which reports a first sign of a slowdown in the annual increase in global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in 2012. The report, the latest in an annual series produced jointly by the JRC and the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, was published on 31 October 2013.
The IES was involved in the preparation of the IPCC's 'Climate Change 2013: the Physical Science Basis – Summary for Policymakers', a summary of the WGI document which describes the latest knowledge about global climate change, based on physical science evidence. The report confirms that climate change is a reality and that the planet has been warming increasingly rapidly since the mid-20th century, and finds that it is “extremely likely that human influence has been the dominant cause of observed warming since the mid-20th century”.
An IES article on how pollination services are delivered at the European scale finds that the yield of crops that are pollinated by insects, such as bees, could fall by 25-32% if such pollination were no longer available. This finding gives further weight to the argument that biodiversity and ecosystem services are crucial to food security and human welfare, and must be protected.
While the first part of the 2013 fire season has been fairly mild, unusually hot weather brought severe fire episodes to the UK and Ireland in March-April, and some relatively large fires were observed in Greece in May. Significant fire activity in the Mediterranean countries started in July. During August, moderately mild conditions continued in most of the EU, with the exception of Portugal that has been severely affected by several fires larger than 1 000 ha, especially during the second half of the month.
An article authored by the IES shows that deforestation over the Congo Basin, the second largest area of rainforest after the Amazon, has slowed since 2000 compared with the previous decade, with net deforestation falling from an estimated 0.16% per year for the period 1990–2000 to 0.10% per year for the period 2000–2010.
In June 2013, severe flooding in Central and Eastern Europe, in particular Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic, led to the Danube and the Elbe swelling to near 100-year highs. Up to 21 deaths were reported as a result of these floods, with thousands of residents being evacuated. Heavy rains in northern Spain and southwestern France towards the middle of June led to flash floods that killed three people, with hundreds evacuated from their homes. The IES contributed to the crisis management activities by monitoring and reporting on the current flood situation through the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS).
A call for an integrated policy approach to address interlinked challenges
The European Environment Agency (EEA) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) have published a new joint report on ‘Environment and Human Health’ that takes stock of the most pertinent environment and health issues prevailing today and their policy implications. Recognising the systemic challenges to ecosystem resilience and services, the EEA-JRC report makes the case for a more integrated take on health issues.
The European Commissioner for Climate Action, Connie Hedegaard, presented the JRC’s new Soil Atlas of Africa at the European Commission and African Union Commission College-to-College meeting in Addis Ababa on Friday 26 April. The Soil Atlas of Africa is the latest in a series of soil atlases produced by the JRC, which are essential references for a non-renewable resource that is fundamental for life on this planet.
IES Head of Unit Alan Belward attended the successful launch of NASA’s Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) on Monday, 11 February 2013, from the Vanderberg Air Force Base in California. LDCM is on course to reach a sun-synchronous polar orbit of 705 kilometres above Earth by April.
The European Commission has declared 2013 the “Year of Air”. Its objectives are to revise the EU Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution, raise awareness about air quality and pollution, encourage Member States to cooperate more efficiently and to launch more effective measures to improve air quality.
The 18th Conference of the Parties (COP18) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was held in Doha, Qatar, from the 26th November to 7th December 2012, is generally deemed to have been a success in making progress towards and preparing the ground for the 2015 talks.
Water availability and quality to 2030 - Two new JRC assessments on the effects of combinations of measures on water availability and water quality to 2030 in support of the European Commission’s ‘Blueprint to Safeguard Europe's Water Resources’, which was launched by DG Environment on 14/11/2012.
For the first time ever, a COP decision of the CBD refers to JRC activities. The decision, regarding Protected Areas (UNEP/CBD/COP/11/L.9), was taken at the COP11 of the CBD and explicitly mentions the analytical tools of the Digital Observatory for Protected Areas (DOPA) and the BIOPAMA (Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management in the ACP countries) project it supports.
On 14 September 2012, the JRC launched the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN). This network, the first of its kind in Europe, aims to improve access to data and information regarding alien species in Europe. EASIN is designed to assist policy makers and scientists in their efforts to tackle Alien (non-native) Species invasions. It allows users to explore information on the currently reported 16 000 alien species from over 40 distributed online resources through a network of interoperable web services, following internationally recognised standards and protocols.
Summer times are a-changin'… Europe experiences regional extremes
Europe has experienced regional extremes of floods, fires and droughts in 2012. In late April, temperatures reached all-time highs in central and Eastern Europe; temperatures climbed well above the seasonal norms, while Western Europe experienced weeks of heavy rain. Meanwhile, a hosepipe ban had been implemented in the UK until July, as groundwater levels had been at record low levels following a two-year drought.
Trends in Global CO2 emissions continued upwards in 2011
In July 2012, the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) launched their annual report 'Trends in global CO2 emissions', which found that global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) reached an all-time high of almost 34 billion tonnes in 2011. In China, average emissions of CO2 increased by 9% to 7.2 tonnes per capita, while in the European Union, they dropped by 3% to 7.5 tonnes per capita. At 17.3 tonnes per capita, the United States are still among the greatest emitters of CO2.
The INSPIRE Conference 2012 took place from Saturday 23rd – Wednesday 27th June 2012 at the Istanbul Congress Center (ICC) in Istanbul, Turkey. The theme of this year's event, which was co-organised by the JRC and the Turkish Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, was "Sharing environmental information, sharing innovation".
Science for Water - JRC Thematic Report
On 22 May 2012, the JRC launched a new thematic report entitled ‘Science for Water’. This report aims to give a comprehensive overview of the work of the Commission's in-house science service, the JRC, in relation to global water challenges. In each of the six chapters, the detailed policy context is cited, showing clearly how and where the JRC is providing its scientific and technical support to water-related policies.
Geospatial technologies for harmonised environmental information
From 23-27 April, more than 3 500 participants will attend the Geospatial World Forum at the RAI Convention Centre, in Amsterdam (NL). The theme of the forum is “Geospatial Industry and World Economy”. It will address the utility of geospatial technologies in various industries that contribute to the world economy. Quick and easy access to data related to a variety of domains, including water management, disaster mitigation, statistics, public health, civil protection, agriculture and nature protection, will improve business opportunities and help reduce costs of public administrations. This will also translate into clear benefits for the citizen, ranging from improved emergency services to a healthier everyday environment.
Drought in Spain reduces crop yield potential for durum wheat
On the 26 March 2011, the JRC published the latest edition of its Crop Monitoring Bulletin for Europe, in which JRC scientists highlight the potential impacts of current agro-meteorological conditions on crop production in Europe.
A severe rain shortage has been observed in Southern Europe since December 2011. This was the driest period recorded for southern Spain since JRC climatological records began. The main durum wheat production regions of Spain are experiencing drought conditions, and consequently forecasted crop yields for these areas are well below average.
Water at the interface of science and policy
With more than 25 000 participants, the 6th World Water Forum is the world's largest meeting about water. It is held every three years, with the current one being held in Marseille, France, from the 12 to 17 March. The World Water Forum addresses the challenges of sustainable development related to the water distribution. Its objective is to make water a high priority on all political agendas.
The Congo Basin – a role model for tropical forest management
The 'Forests of the Congo Basin - State of the Forest 2010' report was launched in Douala, Cameroon, at the Annual meeting of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP) on 1st March, 2012. It provides a comprehensive and detailed assessment of the status of the forests in the Congo Basin. It also looks at deforestation patterns, points to trends in sustainable forest management and highlights threats to biodiversity. This was done to help decision-makers in Central Africa come up with information-based solutions for improved management of forests and natural resources.
The State of Soil in Europe
The IES has released a JRC Reference Report entitled ‘The State of Soil in Europe’, which is published in collaboration with the European Environment Agency and DG Environment. The report provides a comprehensive overview of our present understanding of soil resources and degradation processes across Europe. It concludes that further research and improved data collection is needed to advance our knowledge of soil functions and provide the scientific base for policy makers. Coupled with steps to heighten public awareness of the importance of soil, the report will help people to better understand the need to protect this vital resource.
Study co-authored by the JRC on climate change mitigation published in Science
A scientific paper published on 13.02.2012 by Science shows that a limited number of air quality measures can substantially mitigate global warming and have significant benefits for human health and agriculture.
FAO/JRC summary report on Global forest land-use change from 1990-2005
The FAO and JRC released a summary report on Global forest land-use change during a jointly organised side-event at the Durban COP17.
UNCCD COP 10: United in combating desertification
IES scientist Stefan Sommer is part of the European Commission delegation at this high-level meeting on desertification being held in Korea.
A new JRC PBL report highlights the steep increase in global CO2 emissions
A new report by the JRC and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency shows that global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) increased by 45% between 1990 and 2010, and reached an all-time high of 33 billion tonnes in 2010.
EFFIS in Action - Late summer fires in Greece
In August 2011, EFFIS helped coordinate the provision of fire-fighting assistance to severly affected areas in Greece and Albania.
First IES analysis of the devastating drought in the Horn of Africa
IES scientists published their preliminary analysis of the current drought in the Greater Horn of Africa through two special bulletins: the Drought Bulletin for the Greater Horn of Africa and the Food Security Bulletin Special issue – Horn of Africa
The new FATE website: a tool for assessing and monitoring pollutants
IES scientists have made available useful spatial information for assessing and monitoring the fate and impacts of pollutants in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in Europe.
Ecosystem connectivity and fragmentation research in support to Green Infrastructure
A new Biodiversity strategy for the European Union was adopted in May 2011 with the ambitious aim of halting the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the EU by 2020. An EU Green Infrastructure initiative will most likely be developed by 2012. The IES is a member of the DG ENV's Working Group on Green Infrastructure and of the steering committee of the DG-ENV study contracts related to GI.
JRC co-authored study quantifies possible benefits from globally more stringent road vehicle emission standards
IES scientist Rita Van Dingenen co-authored an important scientific paper entitled 'Climate, health, agricultural and economic impacts of tighter vehicle-emission standards'
IES Radar Mosaic of Africa
IES scientists co-developed a new radar mosaic covering the African continent, with the aim of providing quantitative measurements and mapping of changes in forest resources, thus providing support to EU policies on global forest protection.
Winter kill in Eastern Europe with possible negative impacts on agricultural production
The MARS 2011 agro-meteorological analyses kicked off in February 2011 with the first AGROWEATHER bulletin, which highlights the effects of the severe frosts of December 2010 in Europe.
The IES has published a JRC Reference Report that outlines options for reducing air emissions from ships.
Soil assessment in Europe - IES Contribution to SOER 2010
The EEA European environment – state and outlook 2010 (SOER) report was launched on the 30th November in Brussels.
European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity
Under the auspices of the UN’s International Year of Biodiversity, the JRC’s Institute for Environment and Sustainability has published the first European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity, which was launched at the conference ‘Soil, Climate Change and Biodiversity – Where do we stand?’ on the 23rd and 24th September 2010 in Brussels.
IES contribution to European Nitrogen Research
The European Nitrogen Assessment (ENA) report addresses current nitrogen issues, the cascade effects and the interactions and feedbacks in order to provide information on the balance between the benefits of fixed nitrogen to society against the different adverse effects of excess nitrogen in the environment.
INSPIRE as a Framework for Cooperation
The INSPIRE conference “INSPIRE as a Framework for Cooperation” took place in Krakow, Poland, from the 22nd to the 25th of June 2010.
IES Brochure 2008-2009
On the 8th of June 2010 the IES launched its new brochure: ‘Science for the environment’.
Soil’s impact on Climate Change: First Soil Atlas of the Northern Circumpolar Region
On the 4th of May 2010, the European Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science M. Geoghegan-Quinn launched the Soil Atlas of the Northern Circumpolar Region at the European Parliament.
Sustainable Consumption and Production
The JRC authored the Commission's handbook on how to assess the environmental impact of products.
International Year of Biodiversity: High Nature Value farmland in Europe
2010 has been proclaimed the International Year of Biodiversity by the United Nations.
Greenhouse gases distribution & sources: EDGAR emissions in Google Earth
Morphological Spatial Pattern Analysis